Birds Taxonomic List

The Chickadee is Maine’s most well known bird found in almost every ecosystem throughout the state.  It has a cheery song and if you are patient enough often times landing on your mitten for some seed.  Observing birds in Maine is enjoyable no matter what the season or the geographical area of the state.  Their joyful song brightens the landscape and heightens our awareness of the mysteries that lie beyond our visual observations.

The diversity of ecosystems in Maine provide natural habitat for both migrants and year-round birds making observation a popular pastime year-round.  Whether you enjoy traveling to different areas specifically to observe nature or are a backyard naturalist, having some basic knowledge about birds, their adaptations and habitat needs gives a picture of the larger ecosystem and the wildlife it supports.
In summer migratory Warblers nest in Conifer trees and feed on Insects leading us to appreciate the role of the blackfly as a major contributor to the success of these and many other songbirds in the Northern Forests.  In winters with heavy snow cover, Owls and Birds of Prey that depend on small Mammals to survive often expand their territory to areas that provide greater access to their diet needs.

Classified as Aves, Birds are Warm Blooded Vertebrates like Mammals but they are also very similar to Reptiles in that they have scales on their legs and lay eggs.  A person who studies birds is called an Ornithologist.

Taxonomic List of Birds found in Maine

Domain: Eukarya

Kingdom: Animilia

Phylum: Vertebrates

Class: Aves


Family: Loons

Order: Podicipediforms

Family:  Grebe

Order: Pelecaniforms Commorant

Order: Ciconniiformes

Family: Herons, Egrets, Bitterns, Ibis, vultures

Order: Anseriformes

Family: Ducks, Geese & Swans

Order: Falconiforms

Family: Osprey, Hawk, Eagle

Order: Galliformes

Family: Turkey, Grouse, Quail

Order: Gruiformes

Family: Cranes & Rails

Order: Charadriiformes

Family: Killdeer, Plover, Woodcock, Sandpipers & Seagulls

Order: Columbiformes

Family: Doves & Pigeons

Order: Cuculiformes

Family: Cuckoos

Order: Strigiforms

Family: Owls

Order: Caprimulgiformes

Family: Nighthawk

Order: Apodiformes

Family: Hummingbirds & Swifts

Order: Copaciiforms

Family: Kingfishers

Order: Piciformes

Family: Woodpeckers & Flickers

Order: Passeriformes   Perching Birds



Jays & Crows


Kingbird & Flycatchers

Horned Lark


Chickadee & Titmouse


Brown Creepers


Kinglets & Gnatcatchers

Robins & Thrushes

Thrasher, Catbird & Mockingbird (mimics)




Warblers, Waterthrush & Ovenbirds


Junco & Sparrow (New World)

Crossbills, Goldfinch, Pine Siskens, Juncos Longspurs & Buntings

Blackbirds, Grackles, Cowbirds, Meadowlarks & Orioles

Cardinals , Grosbeaks, Towhees & Buntings

House Sparrow (Old World)